US President Donald Trump confirmed on Wednesday that his country will recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, a measure that promises to generate tensions in the Middle East and reduce the chances of a peace process between Israelis and Israel. Palestinians
"I have determined that it is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel," Trump said in a speech from the White House diplomatic reception room.
He also said his decision should not be interpreted as a lack of commitment to the peace process between Israelis and Palestinians, and promised that he will do "everything" to help the parties achieve it.
"The United States will support a two-state solution if that is agreed between the two parties," Trump said in a speech from the White House diplomatic reception room.
Previously, the US president told a group of journalists that the measure "should have been taken a long time ago." Many presidents said they wanted to do something and then did not do it, perhaps because of lack of courage or because they changed their minds.
Prior to the announcement, Palestinian refugees in Lebanon demonstrated in several regions of that country against the measure that Trump finally confirmed.
In the Baas refugee camp in the southern region of Tire, some 2,000 students mobilized to protest. The Palestinian Abdul Mayid Awad addressed the demonstrators and affirmed that "the US government once again takes a decision in favor of the usurper, but this will not change the history and identity of Jerusalem, which is the capital of the Palestinian state." .
"This is a direct aggression against the Palestinian nation and the people, which are capable of making unjust decisions fail.The decision of the Trump Administration is contrary to the resolutions of the international community and can not change history," he said. Awad.
The Palestinian refugees also mobilized in the Bedawi camp (north), where they gathered outside the office of the director of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA).
Other similar demonstrations took place in Beirut and in the Palestinian refugee camp of Ain el Helu, the largest in Lebanon and located on the outskirts of the city of Sidon.
In this camp, General Maher Chabaita, representing the Fatah nationalist movement, called the Trump government's decision "a violation of international law, recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of occupation will unleash the fires of hell in this region," he warned.
East Jerusalem, which the Palestinians claim as the capital of their future state, is occupied by Israel since the Six Day War of 1967 and was annexed in 1980 in a unilateral Israeli decision that was not recognized by the international community.
Today no country has its embassy in Jerusalem and the transfer of the US diplomatic headquarters is understood as the recognition of Israeli sovereignty over the entire city, including the occupied part.
Stability in the region
The international community had expressed concern about the change of the 'status quo' of Jerusalem. In fact, with this announcement, Estaos Unidos became the first and only country in the world that recognizes Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, whose sector it occupied in the 1967 war and annexed in 1980, contravening international legality and where the Palestinians They aspire to establish the headquarters of their future State.
Jordan, at the request of Palestine, requested the convening of an emergency meeting of the Arab League on Saturday just hours after Trump announced the intention to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
Meanwhile, the Government of Turkey also convened a summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) for next Wednesday in Istanbul and invited the Trump administration to immediately back down on "this immense error, which would eliminate the now fragile peace process in the Middle East. "
The Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, had also warned that his country considers breaking diplomatic relations with Israel.
Pope Francis called for "all efforts be made to respect the 'status quo' of the city, in accordance with UN resolutions.
"I can not silence my deep concern about the situation that has been created in recent days," said Francisco at the Vatican, in a statement in which he did not directly cite Trump's announcement.
The pontiff recalled that "Jerusalem is a unique city, sacred to Jews, Christians and Muslims" and prayed that "prudence prevails and avoid adding new elements of tension in a world panorama already marked by so many and cruel conflicts."
China said through a foreign spokesman that "the question of Jerusalem is very complicated and delicate, and the parties involved should take into account the peace of the region," avoiding causing "new confrontations."
China has "always" supported and promoted the peace process in the Middle East and supported the "just cause" of the Palestinian people and their right to an independent state based on the 1967 borders and with East Jerusalem as the capital, the spokesperson recalled.
The Kremlin said it was "premature" to talk about the consequences of the possible transfer, although he expressed concern.
"We do not like to talk about decisions that have not yet taken place," Kremlin spokesman Dmitri Peskov said today.
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg also assured that the members of the Alliance support a "peaceful" and "negotiated" solution, adding that Trump has not yet delivered his speech, so "it's a little early to comment on it." "
The Syrian government opined that the "option of resistance" is the best way to defend the interests of the Muslim nation and the Palestinians and "to put an end to the free normalization (of relations with Israel) by some Arab regimes" .
The Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs, Alfonso Dastis, wrote on Twitter that altering the status of the city of Jerusalem is an "extremely sensitive" issue that must be resolved through "negotiation".
"There is no better alternative" for the region than the solution of the two states, Israel and Palestine, "living together in peace and security," Dastis defended.